Diabetes is an endocrine disorder, that occurs due to a lack of insulin, which increases blood sugar levels. The increased level of glucose later causes many health problems. Here, we will discuss whether the disease can be reversed or not.
What are the types of diabetes?
Based on the nature of the disease, Diabetes can be classified into three types. Firstly, you have to know how different types of diabetes work. Type 1 diabetes mellitus occurs due to an autoimmune disorder. In this type of diabetes, the body can’t produce insulin.
In our body, the Pancreas produces insulin. During type 1 diabetes mellitus, one’s immune system destroys the insulin-producing cells. As a result, the hormones stop being produced in the human body. In the case of type 1 diabetic patients, insulin is absent.
Type 2 Diabetes occurs when the pancreas produces a lower amount of insulin. here, the body has its production source of insulin, but in a lesser amount. As a result, the body’s ability to deal with glucose decreases.
Gestational diabetes on the other hand occurs only to women during their pregnancy. the hormonal changes during pregnancy affect the insulin production of the body. As a result, some pregnant mother shows high levels of glucose in their blood, which can affect the health of the mother and the baby.
Can Diabetes Be Reversed?
The reversal process of diabetes varies in its different types. let’s start with the type 1 diabetes mellitus. The disease is solely caused by the body’s immune system. If the immune system of our body thinks a cell is harmful or dangerous, it automatically destroys the cell. In type 1 diabetes, our immune system thinks pancreatic β-cells are unnecessary and harmful to the body. These β-cells are the only source of production of insulin in the human body.
So, if a patient has type 1 diabetes, he can’t force his immune system not to attack the insulin-producing cells of the pancreas, as it is an automatic process. As a result, type 1 diabetes can’t be reversed back to normal. But with proper care, you can have proper control over the disease.
Now, let’s come to type 2 Diabetes mellitus. The disease occurs due to decreased production of insulin. Insulin is responsible for controlling glucose in the blood. When the body produces less insulin, the blood sugar level rises. But, if you avoid the things, that increase blood sugar levels, the low amount of insulin present in your body will be able to control the blood glucose level. With proper measures, the blood glucose level decreases and returns to normal. So, type 2 Diabetes can be reversed.
How to control type 1 Diabetes mellitus?
When you are diagnosed with type 1 diabetes, your doctors will take certain measures to control the blood glucose level. The most effective way to control the disease is to administer insulin in the body. Type 1 diabetic patient has to go through insulin therapy throughout their life, as they don’t have any source of producing the hormone in their body.
Insulin consists of two types, Fast-acting and long-acting. Fast-acting insulin is very effective, as it lowers the blood glucose level over a short period. But sometimes, it may cause problems by lowering the blood glucose level too much. If the patient becomes hypoglycemic, carbohydrate(15gm) has to be taken orally. If the patient becomes unconscious, sweet food s containing glucose should be kept beneath his tongue.
Apart from insulin, patients also have to take a diet that doesn’t raise the blood glucose level. The patient has to exercise regularly to keep the body’s feet active. Regular exercise helps in circulating the blood and controlling diabetes mellitus.
How can you reverse Type 2 Diabetes?
Type 2 diabetes can be controlled, cured, and reversed successfully with some specific measures. Here are some of them:
Firstly, you have to maintain a disciplined life. You should take regular physical exercise. Regular exercise keeps the body active and free from many diseases. Walking half an hour a day can reduce the risk of diabetes most effectively.
A Controlled Diet is very important to reverse diabetes. Foods, that contain more carbohydrates, like refined rice, refined wheat, and processed bread should be avoided. Our body extracts glucose faster from these foods. You should exclude carbohydrates from your food chart, and take more vegetables, meat, fish, and fruits to keep the disease in control.
if the insulin production rate of the body decreases significantly, doctors prescribe anti-diabetic drugs. These drugs work on the pancreas and increase the production rate of insulin. As a result, the blood glucose level can be controlled. Glimepiride,glipizide, glyburide, Metformin, Thiazolidinediones are some common anti diabetic drug.
Does Gestational diabetes go away after Birth?
Most of the cases of Gestational diabetes are found in women during their first pregnancy. Women face many hormonal imbalances during this period, and lack of insulin production is one of them. A patient with the disease finds many symptoms like increased urination, increased thirst, fatigue, more wound healing time, and many more.
Gestational diabetes increases the possibility of future diabetes. It increases the chance of C-section delivery. The baby also faces many problems like being diagnosed with jaundice after birth, breathing problems, and many more.
A patient with diseases has to be more conscious during their pregnancy, like regular medical checkups of herself and the baby. In most of the cases, Gestational diabetes goes away automatically. However, the mother should follow the consultation of the doctor to avoid the disease during future pregnancies and later parts of life.
Can a Diabetic Patient live as long as a normal person?
Diabetes can be very dangerous if proper treatment and measures are not taken, it can even take life. But, with proper treatment and self-maintenance, a diabetic patient can live as long as a person who doesn’t have the disease.
To live long, you have to monitor your blood glucose level continuously. With a disciplined life and proper diet, type 2 diabetes remains in control. Type 1 diabetes can also be controlled with timely and regular insulin therapy. So, if you are diagnosed with the disease and live a long life like a healthy person, change your lifestyle.
Many people around the world are living healthy and normal lives even after being diagnosed with diabetes. With proper control over the disease, it doesn’t hamper and decrease the quality of your life. In some cases, some diabetic patients live longer to maintain a healthier lifestyle.